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Academic Articles Awards > General Antitrust

The Social Contract at the Basis of Competition Law

Michal S. Gal, Forthcoming, Competition Policy: between Equity and Efficiency, Cambridge University Press, 2017

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Readers’ vote will close on February 9, 2018. Readers’ vote will allow you to nominate 1 article for each of the Awards, i.e., 10 Academic articles, 10 Business articles, and the best Soft Laws. The readers’ short-list of Academic and Business Articles will be communicated to the Board together with the 20 articles nominated by the Steering Committees. The Board will decide on the award-winning articles. Results will be announced at the Awards ceremony to take place in Washington DC on the eve of the ABA Antitrust Spring Meeting on April 10, 2018.

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Competition law constitutes an important part of the social contract that stands at the basis of market economies, which conceptualizes the relationship between the state and its citizens, as well as among citizens, and legitimizes state action. This article seeks to unveil the social contract that stands at the basis of competition laws by shedding light on the assumptions at its basis. It then explores whether these assumptions indeed further the goals of the social contract, namely total and individual welfare. In particular, in light of recent challenges to the welfare effects of market economies, this short article seeks to determine whether equality and inclusive growth goals should play a more pronounced role in the competition laws of developed jurisdictions, and if so, by what means.

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