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The Use of Leniency in EU Cartel Enforcement: An Assessment after Twenty Years

Wouter P. J. Wils, World Competition: Law and Economics Review (Vol. 39), 2016

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Since 1996, the European Commission has been operating a leniency programme, under which companies cooperating with its cartel investigations can obtain immunity from fines or a reduction of fines. Leniency plays a prominent role in EU cartel enforcement today. This paper assesses the positive effects and the possible negative effects of leniency, in the light of twenty years of experience.

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