The European Competition Network (ECN) Brief is meant to inform about activities of the ECN and its members. This publication is a compilation of contributions from national competition authorities of the European Union and the Competition Directorate General of the European Commission. The titles of the articles reproduced below are not the original titles of the articles as published in the ECN Brief. You will find the original article and title when clicking on the titles below. Please note that the ECN is not the actual "author" of the articles and that the articles published in the ECN Brief are subject to a disclaimer. "The information provided by the ECN Brief is for information purposes only and does not constitute professional or legal advice. Its content is not binding and does not reflect the official position of any Authority. Neither any Authority nor any person acting on its behalf is responsible for the use which might be made of information contained in this publication." The ECN Brief is available in electronic format on the DG COMP’s website (http://ec.europa.eu/competition/ecn/brief/index.html) and the websites of national competition authorities. © European Union.