Linda Gratz E.CA Economics


Dr Linda Gratz is a Director in the Munich office of E.CA Economics. She has extensive experience providing economic advice across the competition-law field before the EU Commission and various national competition authorities. Linda has carried out damage assessments in multiple high-profile cartel proceedings, including industries such as GIS, card payments, FMCG (roasted coffee, confectionaries and flour), lottery and pumpers. She has worked on abuse of dominance investigations involving predatory pricing, bundled rebates, excessive charges and refusal to supply (e.g. in the railway and insurance industry as well as in IP-related industries), and has contributed to the OECD Roundtable on the role of efficiency claims in these investigations. Linda also holds particular expertise in the assessment of mergers in industries such as telecommunications, construction materials, copper, FMCG, petrol stations, press logistics and touristic flights. Further, she has advised a German ministry on the organisational and methodological aspects of ex-post evaluations of State aid and contributed to research studies on state aid for DG Competition. Linda has published in journals including the International Journal of Industrial Organization, the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement and the Journal of Competition Law & Economics.

2021 Awards


Nominee, 2021 Antitrust Writing Awards: Academic, Economics

Nominee, 2016 Antitrust Writing Awards: Academic, Unilateral Conduct

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