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New Immunity and Leniency Programs: Still the Best Deal in Town?

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It used to be the best deal in town: participants in criminal price-fixing conspiracies could approach the Competition Bureau and receive either complete immunity or leniency in exchange for ratting out their co-conspirators. The Bureau and the Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPSC) still offer immunity and leniency in exchange for cooperation, but recent changes to the immunity and leniency programs increase the uncertainty faced by participants. As a result, the decision to seek immunity or leniency becomes harder to make; indeed, it is not always the right choice.