Cartel leniency programmes in ASEAN: Practical implications of seeking leniency

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To facilitate cartel prosecution, enforcement agencies have implemented leniency programmes that offer immunity or reduced penalties to cartel members that voluntarily admit their involvement and sufficiently cooperate with investigations.

This article provides an overview of the available leniency programmes in the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and discusses the practical implications for companies seeking leniency from the region’s competition authorities.